Teachers Resource Book: Western Australians in World War One
The History Teachers' Association of Western Australia, with the support of the Western Australian Government as part of the commemoration of the ANZAC centenary, has produced a resource book for year 3, 6 and 9 teachers: http://htawa.net.au
The rationale for these programs of work is to commemorate the Western Australian contribution toWorld War I within the broader context of the Australian Curriculum: Humanities and Social Sciences, specifically History. Particular foci for these programs are:
• the training camp established at Blackboy Hill after the declaration of war
in August 1914
• the ships that left from Fremantle to become part of the first convoy to leave Australia in October/November 1914
• the Western Australian battalions/battery on the first convoy and their subsequent history
• the participation of these soldiers in the Gallipoli Campaign.
While Albany was the point of departure for the first convoy of Australian and New Zealand troops from other States and Territories, the majority of Western Australian troops and a contingent of South Australian troops, departed from Fremantle on 31 October 1914 on the troop transport ships HMAT Medic and HMAT Ascanius, accompanied by the Japanese warship HIJMS Ibuki. The Medic carried the 1st Division Ammunition Column, 1st Division Artillery, 3rd Brigade Ammunition Column and 3rd Field Artillery Brigade from Adelaide, along with the 8th Field Artillery Battery (Western Australia) of the 3rd Field Artillery Brigade. The Ascanius carried the 10th Infantry Battalion (South Australia) and the 11th Infantry Battalion (Western Australia) of the 3rd Infantry Brigade.
The departure of these troops is significant as they left Fremantle Port on 31 October 1914, one day prior to the rest of the convoy in Albany, thus making them the first ships of the first convoy to leave Australian soil.
The Western Australian troops on the first convoy did their training at Blackboy Hill, a training facility set up after the declaration of war. The first troops marched into Blackboy Hill on 17th August 1914, twelve days after that declaration. This focus is particularly meaningful for WA students as there is the potential for the students to relate directly with this history through:
• family members who were involved and are remembered
• connections of their school to individual soldiers who were ex-students
• local community memorials
• excursions to the Blackboy Hill site, state and local war memorials and the Fremantle Army Museum.
For further information, and copies of the resources, visit http://htawa.net.au